Windows Vista Windows Vista is an operating system released in several variations developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs, and media center PCs. Prior to its announcement on July 22, , Windows Vista was known by its codename “Longhorn. On January 30, , it was released worldwide, and was made available for purchase and download from Microsoft’s website. The release of Windows Vista came more than five years after the introduction of its predecessor, Windows XP, the longest time span between successive releases of Microsoft Windows desktop operating systems. It was succeeded by Windows 7 which was released to manufacturing on July 22, , and for the general public on October 22,
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Windows Vista Windows Vista is an operating system released in several variations developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs, and media center PCs. Prior to its announcement on July 22, , Windows Vista was known by its codename “Longhorn.
On January 30, , it was released worldwide, and was made available for purchase and download from Microsoft’s website. The release of Windows Vista came more than five years after the introduction of its predecessor, Windows XP, the longest time span between successive releases of Microsoft Windows desktop operating systems. It was succeeded by Windows 7 which was released to manufacturing on July 22, , and for the general public on October 22, Windows Vista contains many changes and new features, including an updated graphical user interface and visual style dubbed Aero, a redesigned search function, multimedia tools including Windows DVD Maker, and redesigned networking, audio, print, and display sub-systems.
Vista aims to increase the level of communication between machines on a home network, using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and media between computers and devices. Windows Vista includes version 3. Microsoft’s primary stated objective with Windows Vista has been to improve the state of security in the Windows operating system.
One common criticism of Windows XP and its predecessors is their commonly exploited security vulnerabilities and overall susceptibility to malware, viruses and buffer overflows. In light of this, Microsoft chairman Bill Gates announced in early a company-wide “Trustworthy Computing initiative” which aims to incorporate security work into every aspect of software development at the company.
Microsoft stated that it prioritized improving the security of Windows XP and Windows Server above finishing Windows Vista, thus delaying its completion. While these new features and security improvements have garnered positive reviews, Vista has also been the target of much criticism and negative press. Criticism of Windows Vista has targeted its high system requirements, its more restrictive licensing terms, the inclusion of a number of new digital rights management technologies aimed at restricting the copying of protected digital media, lack of compatibility with some pre-Vista hardware and software, and the number of authorization prompts for User Account Control.
As a result of these and other issues, Windows Vista had seen initial adoption and satisfaction rates lower than Windows XP. At the release of Windows 7 October , Windows Vista with approximately million Internet users was the second most widely used operating system on the Internet with an approximately As of the end of May , Windows Vista’s market share estimates range from Windows Vista is intended to be a technology-based release, to provide a base to include advanced technologies, many of which are related to how the system functions and thus not readily visible to the user.
An example is the complete restructuring of the architecture of the audio, print, display, and networking subsystems; although the results of this work are visible to software developers, end-users will only see what appear to be evolutionary changes in the user interface. Vista includes technologies such as ReadyBoost and ReadyDrive which employ fast flash memory located on USB drives and hybrid hard disk drives to improve system performance by caching commonly used programs and data.
This manifests itself in improved battery life on notebook computers as well, since a hybrid drive can be spun down when not in use.
Another new technology called SuperFetch utilizes machine learning techniques to analyze usage patterns to allow Windows Vista to make intelligent decisions about what content should be present in system memory at any given time.
It uses almost all the extra RAM as disk cache. As part of the redesign of the networking architecture, IPv6 has been fully incorporated into the operating system and a number of performance improvements have been introduced, such as TCP window scaling.
Earlier versions of Windows typically needed third-party wireless networking software to work properly, but this is not the case with Vista, which includes more comprehensive wireless networking support. The new driver model facilitates the new Desktop Window Manager, which provides the tearing-free desktop and special effects that are the cornerstones of Windows Aero.
Direct3D 10, developed in conjunction with major graphics card manufacturers, is a new architecture with more advanced shader support, and allows the graphics processing unit to render more complex scenes without assistance from the CPU.
WDDM also provides video content playback that rivals typical consumer electronics devices. It does this by making it easy to connect to external monitors, providing for protected HD video playback and increasing overall video playback quality.
For the first time in Windows, graphics processing unit GPU multitasking is possible, enabling users to run more than one GPU-intensive application simultaneously. The Heap Manager implements additional features such as integrity checking in order to improve robustness and defend against buffer overflow security exploits, although this comes at the price of breaking backward compatibility with some legacy applications.
A Kernel Transaction Manager has been implemented that enables applications to work with the file system and Registry using atomic transaction operations. Removed Features: Windows Vista also does not include the Windows XP “Luna” visual theme, or most of the classic color schemes which have been part of Windows since the Windows 3. The “Hardware profiles” startup feature has also been removed, along with support for older motherboard technologies like the EISA bus, APM and Game port support though on the bit version game port support can be enabled by applying an older driver.
Editions Windows Vista editions: Windows Vista ships in eight editions. These are roughly divided into two target markets, consumer and business, with editions varying to cater for specific sub-markets.
For consumers, there are four editions, with three available for developed countries. Windows Vista Starter edition is limited to emerging markets. Windows Vista Home Basic is intended for budget users with low needs. Windows Vista Home Premium covers the majority of the consumer market, and contains applications for creating and using multimedia. The home editions cannot join a Windows Server domain. For businesses, there are three editions. Windows Vista Business is specifically designed for small and medium-sized businesses, while Windows Vista Enterprise is only available to customers participating in Microsoft’s Software Assurance program.
Windows Vista Ultimate contains the complete feature-set of both the Home and Business combination of both Home Premium and Enterprise editions, as well as a set of Windows Ultimate Extras, and is aimed at enthusiasts. All editions except Windows Vista Starter support both bit x86 and bit x64 processor architectures.
Similar sanctions exist in South Korea. Service Pack 1: The initial deployment of the service pack caused a number of machines to continually reboot, rendering the machines unusable.
The ability to choose individual drives to defragment is being reintroduced as well. Service Pack 1 Introduced support for some new hardware and software standards, notably the exFAT file system, Booting a system using Extensible Firmware Interface on x64 systems was also introduced; this feature had originally been slated for the initial release of Vista but was delayed due to a lack of compatible hardware at the time.
Two areas have seen changes in SP1 that have come as the result of concerns from software vendors. One of these is desktop search; users will be able to change the default desktop search program to one provided by a third party instead of the Microsoft desktop search program that comes with Windows Vista, and desktop search programs will be able to seamlessly tie in their services into the operating system. These changes come in part due to complaints from Google, whose Google Desktop Search application was hindered by the presence of Vista’s built-in desktop search.
In June , Google claimed that the changes being introduced for SP1 “are a step in the right direction, but they should be improved further to give consumers greater access to alternate desktop search providers”. The other area of note is a set of new security APIs being introduced for the benefit of antivirus software that currently relies on the unsupported practice of patching the kernel see Kernel Patch Protection.
An update to DirectX 10, named DirectX Graphics cards will be required to support DirectX SP1 includes a kernel that matches the version shipped with Windows Server An updated downloadable version of the Group Policy Management Console was released soon after the service pack.
SP1 enables support for hotpatching, a reboot-reduction servicing technology designed to maximize uptime. It works by allowing Windows components to be updated or “patched” while they are still in use by a running process.
Hotpatch-enabled update packages are installed via the same methods as traditional update packages, and will not trigger a system reboot. Service Pack 2: In addition to a number of security and other fixes, a number of new features have been added. However, it did not include Internet Explorer 8: Windows Search 4. Service Pack 2 is not a cumulative update meaning that Service Pack 1 must be installed first. Platform Update: It includes major new components that shipped with Windows 7, as well as updated runtime libraries.
It consists of the following components: Windows Graphics runtime: Windows Management Framework: Windows PowerShell 2. For example, even though DXGI 1.
DirectX 9. He is 13 years old and studying in Class 8th. He Lived in Karachi,Sindh,Pakistan. Related Posts.
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